Introduction: diabetes is a metabolic disease, which is caused by impaired glucose metabolism. When fasting blood glucose exceeds 7.0mmol/L, two hours after meal or random blood sugar exceeds 11.1mmol/L, you can diagnose diabetes. With the development of society, people’s diet is becoming more and more rich, coupled with some bad habits, which leads to more and more people suffering from diabetes, and even younger. Now many young people are troubled by diabetes.
Diabetes is a chronic disease which is difficult to cure. But for most diabetics, the disease itself can be prevented and controlled. If a reasonable diet and healthy lifestyle are maintained, blood sugar can be well managed, and patients with diabetes can get good prognosis.
How high does blood sugar need to inject “insulin”?
Because the severity of diabetes is different, if the symptoms are mild, it is not necessary to fight insulin. Doctors may suggest that patients take medicine to treat them.
Diabetes can be divided into two types: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. If this is the case, insulin must be injected to relieve the condition.
Type two diabetes is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, which can be treated with drugs. Insulin is needed only when blood sugar is not stable.
Diabetics usually have more complications, so when the islet function begins to drop, it means that they can’t produce enough insulin to control blood sugar. Therefore, insulin is needed to stabilize blood sugar and maintain good health.
But because everyone’s physical fitness is not the same, so the best time to inject insulin is not the same, the specific time needs to be under the guidance of the doctor.
If the patient has mild symptoms of diabetes and no abnormalities in other organs of the body, in this case, some hypoglycemic drugs can be used to control blood sugar, so that no insulin is needed.
When is insulin appropriate?
- Diabetic ophthalmopathy
Diabetic ophthalmopathy is a complication of diabetes, which causes retinal detachment, severe visual impairment and even blindness. The major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy include diabetes duration, poor glycemic control, hypertension and dyslipidemia.
High blood glucose can make the blood become sticky, blood flow is slow, it is easy to lead to cerebral thrombosis. Diabetic nephropathy, once the urine protein, glomerulus function will decline rapidly, it will cause renal failure. Diabetic nephropathy is a serious diabetic microvascular complication. It is the main cause of renal failure in the world.
- Heart disease
If the glycemic control is unstable in diabetic patients, it will cause protein fat metabolism disorder, even water, salt metabolism, acid and alkali disorders, and may be complicated by coronary heart disease and other diseases.
The cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications of diabetes are the vascular diseases caused by diabetes, which involve the heart and brain vessels, and accelerate the development of atherosclerotic lesions of the heart and brain, mainly manifested as coronary heart disease and stroke. According to the survey, about 80% of diabetic patients die of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications, which seriously endanger their lives and health.
Conclusion: Although diabetes is a chronic disease, it has many complications and can cause great harm to the human body. So in daily life, we must develop the habit of regular monitoring of blood sugar, if blood sugar is high, we should pay attention to improving diet. In addition, every day can also be appropriate exercise, promote blood circulation, so that the body’s sugar quickly filtered out. Diabetic patients can choose medication and adjust the dosage of hypoglycemic agents according to their blood sugar level. When blood sugar is kept steady, the symptoms of diabetes will also lessen.